Archives par mot-clé : URSS

Enfance et jeunesse juives après 1900

Au cours de la conférence « Das Ende der Kindheit? Jüdische Kindheit und Jugend ab 1900 » (La fin de l’enfance ? Enfance et jeunesse juives à partir de 1900), qui s’est tenue du 2 au 4 juillet 2014 à Vienne, trois interventions ont concerné la période de l’après Deuxième Guerre mondiale :

– L’intervention d’Ina Schulz sur le sort des enfants juifs non accompagnés et sur leur prise en charge dans l’Allemagne d’après-guerre ;

– celle d’Alexander Friedman sur les modes de vie des enfants et jeunes juifs en URSS après la guerre ;

– et celle de Meron Mendel sur l’enfance et la jeunesse juive dans l’Allemagne d’après-guerre.

Sur le site H-Soz-U-Kult vous pouvez trouver un compte-rendu, en allemand, de cette conférence, réalisé par Merethe Jensen et Philipp Mettauer de l’Institut für jüdische Geschichte Österreichs, St. Pölten. On peut y lire des petits résumés de ces trois interventions.

Global Yiddish Culture, 1938 – 1948 : appel à contribution

L’Université de Toronto organise en avril 2015 une conférence sur la culture yiddish de 1938 à 1948, dans le monde, et à cet effet lance un appel à contribution, que vous trouverez ci-dessous (et sur le site de l’Université). Pour les intéressés, les candidatures sont à envoyer avant le 16 septembre 2014.

8th Annual Symposium of the Department of Germanic Languages and Literature
University of Toronto
April 20-21, 2015

In 1926 Yiddish writer Dovid Bergelson suggested that Yiddish culture had three centers: Poland, the Soviet Union and United States. Between 1939 and 1941, this geography radically changed. While New York remained a Yiddish centre, Polish and most European Soviet ones ceased to exist.  By 1943, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and South Siberia became the new centers of Yiddish culture. Yiddish writers, actors, artists, activists, musicians, and poets from around the world found themselves in close proximity with one another and in close contact with their counterparts in the United States.  By 1943, when the majority of the world’s Yiddish speakers were murdered, Yiddish civilization went through a radical transformation and became the culture of guilt-driven resisters, fighters and survivors.

The interdisciplinary symposium “Global Yiddish Culture, 1938 – 1948” invites historians, literary scholars, sociologists, cinema, and theatre scholars to think about the nature of Yiddish culture that developed during this difficult period in Jewish history.
We are interested in discussing works by individual authors or institutions (Yiddish theaters, concert groups, newspapers and more) and in issues of public Yiddish culture, relationship between war-torn governments and Yiddish activists, challenges and achievements of the Yiddish press in the Soviet Union and in the United States, and the state of Yiddish culture in Palestine and South America. Of special interest are papers on the transnational nature of Yiddish civilization of the period, as well as submissions that deal with questions of the relationships between wartime Yiddish and Russian, English, Spanish, and Polish-language Jewish cultures.
Papers presented at the symposium will be considered for a publication in a special issue of East European Jewish Affairs (subject to additional peer-review).
The symposium will take place on April 20-21, 2015 at the University of Toronto. It is the 8th Annual Symposium of the Department of Germanic Languages and Literatures, generously co-sponsored by the Centre for Jewish Studies and Centre for Diaspora and Transnational Studies.

To participate in the symposium, please send a title, 200-250 words paper proposal and one-page CV by September 16, 2014 to anna.shternshis@utoronto.ca .
You will be notified about the status of your proposal by October 1, 2014. The organizers hope to be able to cover travel expenses for participants. Visit http://german.utoronto.ca/call-papers-global-yiddish-culture-1938-1948/ for more information.

If you have any accommodation needs, please e-mail : german@chass.utoronto.ca , five business days prior to the event, and we will do our best to assist you.

Organizing committee:
Professor Doris Bergen (History, University of Toronto)
Professor Jeffrey Kopstein (Political Science, University of Toronto)
Professor Anna Shternshis (Department of Germanic Languages and Literatures and Centre for Diaspora Studies, University of Toronto)

‘Survivors’ – Politics and Semantics of a Concept : Appel à contribution

Le Centre d’études juives de Berlin-Brandenburg – en coopération avec le Centre pour la recherche sur l’antisémitisme (de l’Université Technique de Berlin) et le DAAD – lance un appel à contribution pour son workshop Survivors’ – Politics and Semantics of a Concept qui aura lieu les 20 et 21 novembre 2014 à Berlin.

Le workshop est organisé par Alina Bothe and Markus Nesselrodt. Les chercheurs Atina Grossmann, Stefanie Schüler-Springorum et Anne Rothe y participeront.
Les candidatures doivent être soumises avant le 1er avril 2014 et doivent comprendre  : une proposition en anglais ou en allemand de 300 à 500 mots (pour une intervention de 20 minutes) et un CV académique.


Call for Papers

‘Survivors’ – Politics and Semantics of a Concept

The current understanding of the term ‘survivor’ in social and cultural studies includes various layers of  meaning. In the German discourse ‘survivors’ are often understood as those who were persecuted as Jews by the National Socialists in the years 1939-1945 and survived the war in Germany and Nazi-occupied Europe. Those who were able to escape and survive in exile are classified as ‘refugees’ or ‘emigrants’. The University of Southern California Shoah Foundation applies a broader concept of the term ‘survivors’ which includes all Jewish interviewees regardless of the variety of their experiences. Both examples illustrate the impact of a collective attribution by others to the status of being a ‘survivor’. In addition to the already widely discussed categories of victims and witnesses the concept ‘survivor’ still needs further discussion.

Taking into account the multiple self-narratives of Shoah survivors opens new possibilities of understanding survival. The Jewish Displaced Persons in occupied post World War II Europe identified themselves initially as She’erit Hapletah, the ‘surviving remnant’ of European Jewry. Following this self-definition, all remaining European Jews belonged to this collective; a formulation that stressed unity after catastrophe and effaced the many differences in wartime experiences of survival. Those who survived the war as refugees or deportees in the Soviet Union also became part of the She’erit Hapletah when they were repatriated to their countries of origin, especially Poland, from where, finding only a “vast graveyard” and renewed antisemitism, many fled again. Even as they became the majority in the Jewish Displaced Persons Camps of occupied Europe, their specific experiences and memories were marginalized. Scholars have only recently begun to examine (and re-examine) the complex set of historical experiences and meanings attached to the the concept and definitions of ‘survivor’ and survival.

The workshop will focus on the different semantic and political meanings of the concept of ’survivor’ since World War II. It is necessary to critically analyze the different disciplinary, historical, and national understandings of the term. These questions are not new but need to be asked once again from a contemporary perspective. The political and social conditions that provide individuals a public forum for their memories will be considered as well. In many countries there has been a broadening of the concept of ‘survivor‘ over the decades, very often related to discussions about remembrance and restitution. What strategies and policies stand behind this change, and how does the semantic opening work in practice?

Possible topics for contributions include:

– juridical definitions of the term ’survivor‘ and the consequences ;
– other definitions of the term and their effectiveness ;
– Jewish and non-Jewish understandings of the ’survivor’ ;
– reparations and compensation for survivors ;
– gaps and taboos in survivor’s narratives and memories ;
– function and role of ’survivors‘ in national memorial cultures ;
– national and transnational conditions of the ’invention‘ of the ’survivor’ ;
– survivors as historians, writers, politicians ;
– the impact of gender on semantics and politics of the concept ;
– how does media affect the memory of survival ;
– how do current political questions and anxieties shape debates about definitions of survivors?

Confirmed keynote speakers for the workshop are:

Dr Atina Grossmann (Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art, New York, DAAD Walter Benjamin Visiting Professor)
Dr Stefanie Schüler-Springorum (Director of the Berlin Institute of Technology Center for
Dr Anne Rothe (Associate Professor of German, Wayne State University, Detroit)

The workshop will be held in German and English. Selected contributions will be published.

Funding will be available only on a limited basis and by request.

Please submit your proposal of 300-500 words for a paper of 20 minutes length together with your institutional affiliation and your academic CV by April 1, 2014 via e-mail to Alina Bothe: a.bothe@zentrum-juedische-studien.de.

Participants will be notified by May 1, 2014.