Archives par mot-clé : restitutions

Mai 2014 : The International Tracing Service Collections and Holocaust Scholarship

Les 12 et 13 mai derniers s’est tenu à l’United States Holocaust Memorial Museum (USHMM) de Washington un workshop autour des archives de l’ITS, International Tracing Service.

Rebecca Boehling et Susanne Urban de l’ITS, à Bad Arolsen en Allemagne, viennent de publier un compte-rendu de ce workshop, consultable sur le site de H-Soz-U-Kult.

Ce sont 26 chercheuses et chercheurs d’Australie, Allemagne, Grande-Bretagne, France (représentée par Alexandre Doulut, Université Paris I), Israël, Espagne et Etats-Unis qui se sont réunis pendant ces deux journées pour partager les méthodes, réflexions et résultats de leurs recherches – sur la Deuxième Guerre mondiale (déportations, travail forcé, Lebensborn…) et ses lendemains – élaborées à partir des archives de l’ITS conservées à Bad-Arolsen et numérisées et disponibles dans différents centres archives, comme le Center for Advanced Holocaust Studies de l’USHMM ou encore les Archives Nationales à Paris.

Nous invitons les lecteurs intéressés par l’après-guerre à regarder de près les titres des interventions des panels 2 et 5 et à consulter le compte-rendu cité ci-dessus.

Programme du workshop :

PANEL I :  In the Midst of Camps and Forced Labor – I

Adam Seipp (Texas A&M University) :  On the Land: Forced Labor, Wartime Society, and the ITS Archive
Christine Schmidt (Wiener Library for the Study of the Holocaust & Genocide, London) :  Women behind Barbed Wire: Hungarian Jewish Women Slave Laborers in the Nazi Camps
Dan Stone (Royal Holloway, University of London) : Discovering Christianstadt: Using the ITS Collections to Gain Insights into a Women’s Sub-Camp of Gross-Rosen

PANEL II : Postwar Testimony, Memory, and Representations of Trauma in the ITS

Barbara Glück (Mauthausen Memorial) : Biographies of Former Prisoners at Mauthausen and its Subcamps
Susanne Urban (ITS Bad Arolsen) :  “My only Document is the Number on my Hand”: Early Testimonies in the ITS Archive
Elizabeth Anthony (Clark University, Worcester / USHMM, Washington, DC) : Representations of Sexual Violence in ITS Documentation

PANEL III :  Who is Disposable? Inclusion and Exclusion in Nazi Germany

Akim Jah (Potsdam) :  The Card Catalog of the Reichsvereinigung der Juden in Deutschland (Reich Association of Jews in Germany)
Aleksandra Loewenau (Oxford Brookes University) :  Malaria Experiments on Prisoners at Dachau Concentration Camp: A Revised Study
Amy Carney (Pennsylvania State University) :  Caring for the Family: The SS “Family Community” in the ITS Lebensborn (Fountain of Life) Files

KEYNOTE PRESENTATION
Suzanne Brown-Fleming (Jack, Joseph and Morton Mandel Center for Advanced Holocaust Studies, USHMM) :  “Our Mothers, Our Fathers”: One German Town in the Records of the ITS Reception

PANEL IV : Brutality in the Last Year of the War, 1944–45

Michael McConnell (University of Tennessee) : Violence inside Germany’s Regional Prison System during Nazism’s End Phase
Idit Gil (Open University of Israel) : Jewish Slave Laborers from Radom in the Last Year of the War: Social Aspects of Exploitation
Jörg Skriebeleit (Flossenbürg Concentration Camp Memorial) :  Confrontation–Reburial–Identification. De-Contextualization: Memorializing the Death Marches and their Victims

PANEL V :  Survivors and the Political Landscape of Postwar Europe

Jennifer Rodgers (University of Pennsylvania) :  Archive of Horrors, Archive of Hope: The International Tracing Service in the Postwar Era
Ruth Balint (University of New South Wales): The Use and Abuse of History: Displaced Persons in the ITS Archive
Laura Hilton (Muskingum University) : The Experiences and Impact of the Stateless in the Postwar Period

PANEL VI :  In the Midst of Camps and Forced Labor –  II

Alexandra Lohse (American University, Washington, DC / USHMM, DC) : The Nazi Forced Labor Program and ITS Documentation
Alexandre Doulut (University of Paris I), From Drancy to Cosel? One Transport in the ITS Archives
Marta Simó (Autonomous University of Barcelona), ITS, Spain, and the Holocaust

19/03, Jérusalem : Cultural Restitution and National Reconstruction. The Jewish Case after WWII

L’Université hébraïque de Jérusalem propose le mercredi 19 mars 2014 une conférence, en langue anglaise, sur les restitutions aux Juifs après la Seconde Guerre mondiale, et plus particulièrement sur les restitutions d’oeuvres d’art ou d’objets culturels.

Cette conférence est organisée par le « Franz Rosenzweig Minerva Center for German-Jewish Literature and Cultural History« , le « Avraham Harman Institute of Contemporary Jewry » et le « Da’at Hamakom: Center for the Study of Cultures of Place in the Modern Jewish World« .

Le comité scientifique est composé des Professeurs Dan Diner (The Hebrew University of Jerusalem), Uzi Rebhun (à la tête de l’institut Avraham Harman) et Yfaat Weiss (directeur du Centre Franz Rosenzweig Minerva).

Pour en savoir plus sur cette conférence, vous trouverez son programme ci-dessous ou en ligne sur la page internet de l’Université hébraïque de Jérusalem.

 

Call for Paper

Cultural Restitution and National Reconstruction. The Jewish Case after WWII

The Nazi genocide against the Jews of Europe, in which murder was accompanied by plunder and theft, gave rise to the complex phenomenon of
restitution in general and cultural restitution in particular in the post-war era. Property rendered heirless by mass murder was dispersed throughout Europe. Its fate and future began to concern Jewish scholars from 1943 onward, together with growing awareness of the destruction of European Jewry. Its collection and redistribution after 1945 is a core issue of ongoing juridical and public debates as well as historical research.

Basing itself on archival findings and recent scholarly publications, the International Conference currently under preparation will explore the
various initiatives that were undertaken during the second half of the 1940s to rescue and repatriate these cultural artifacts to Jewish successor
organizations in England, the United States and Palestine/ Israundertaken during the second half of the 1940s to rescue and repatriate these cultural artifacts to Jewish successor organizations in England, the United States and Palestine/ Israel. By doing so, the conference will seek to contextualize the current public debates about ownership and its legitimacy that form the backdrop to relevant historical, legal, and semantic discourses.

9:00-9:15        Greetings
Reuven Amitai (Dean of the Humanities, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem)
Uzi Rebhun (Head, Institute of Contemporary Jewry, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem)
Yfaat Weiss (Director, Franz Rosenzweig Minerva Centre, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem)

9:15-10:45      Session I: Early Efforts
Chair: Stefan Litt (The National Library of Israel, Jerusalem)

Stefanie Mahrer (Rosenzweig Fellow, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem) : « Much more than just another private collection » –  The Rescue of Jewish Books in the ’30s

Ben Barkow (The Wiener Library, London) : From Amsterdam to London: The Journey of the Wiener Library

11:15-12:30    Session II: Keynote Lecture
Chair:  Natan Sznaider (The Academic College of Tel Aviv-Yaffo)

Dov Schidorsky (The Hebrew University of Jerusalem) : Books as Agents of Cultural Memory: Hannah Arendt’s Rescuing of Jewish Culture Goods after the Holocaust

14:00-16:15     Session III: American Interventions

Chair: Eli Lederhendler (The Hebrew University of Jerusalem)

Dana Herman (The American Jewish Archives, Cincinnati, Ohio) : Heirless Jewish Cultural Property: The American Government’s Policy After World War II

Elisabeth Gallas (Minerva Fellow, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem) : Saving the Remnants of Jewish Culture – American and Jewish Restitution Initiatives in Post War Germany

Gish Amit (Mandel Leadership Institute, Jerusalem) : Common Past, Competing Futures: Redistributing Holocaust Victims’ Books

16:45-18:15    Session IV: The Aftermath
Chair: Guy Pessach (The Hebrew University of Jerusalem)

Anna Kawalko (Research Student, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem) : Between Breslau and Wroclaw: Disputing the « Saraval Collection » after World War II

Markus Kirchhoff  (Saxonian Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Leipzig) : Questioning Provenances – Jewish Lost Books in Germany since the 1990s

18:15-18:30    Concluding Remarks
Dan Diner (The Hebrew University of Jerusalem)

‘Survivors’ – Politics and Semantics of a Concept : Appel à contribution

Le Centre d’études juives de Berlin-Brandenburg – en coopération avec le Centre pour la recherche sur l’antisémitisme (de l’Université Technique de Berlin) et le DAAD – lance un appel à contribution pour son workshop Survivors’ – Politics and Semantics of a Concept qui aura lieu les 20 et 21 novembre 2014 à Berlin.

Le workshop est organisé par Alina Bothe and Markus Nesselrodt. Les chercheurs Atina Grossmann, Stefanie Schüler-Springorum et Anne Rothe y participeront.
Les candidatures doivent être soumises avant le 1er avril 2014 et doivent comprendre  : une proposition en anglais ou en allemand de 300 à 500 mots (pour une intervention de 20 minutes) et un CV académique.


Call for Papers

‘Survivors’ – Politics and Semantics of a Concept

The current understanding of the term ‘survivor’ in social and cultural studies includes various layers of  meaning. In the German discourse ‘survivors’ are often understood as those who were persecuted as Jews by the National Socialists in the years 1939-1945 and survived the war in Germany and Nazi-occupied Europe. Those who were able to escape and survive in exile are classified as ‘refugees’ or ‘emigrants’. The University of Southern California Shoah Foundation applies a broader concept of the term ‘survivors’ which includes all Jewish interviewees regardless of the variety of their experiences. Both examples illustrate the impact of a collective attribution by others to the status of being a ‘survivor’. In addition to the already widely discussed categories of victims and witnesses the concept ‘survivor’ still needs further discussion.

Taking into account the multiple self-narratives of Shoah survivors opens new possibilities of understanding survival. The Jewish Displaced Persons in occupied post World War II Europe identified themselves initially as She’erit Hapletah, the ‘surviving remnant’ of European Jewry. Following this self-definition, all remaining European Jews belonged to this collective; a formulation that stressed unity after catastrophe and effaced the many differences in wartime experiences of survival. Those who survived the war as refugees or deportees in the Soviet Union also became part of the She’erit Hapletah when they were repatriated to their countries of origin, especially Poland, from where, finding only a “vast graveyard” and renewed antisemitism, many fled again. Even as they became the majority in the Jewish Displaced Persons Camps of occupied Europe, their specific experiences and memories were marginalized. Scholars have only recently begun to examine (and re-examine) the complex set of historical experiences and meanings attached to the the concept and definitions of ‘survivor’ and survival.

The workshop will focus on the different semantic and political meanings of the concept of ’survivor’ since World War II. It is necessary to critically analyze the different disciplinary, historical, and national understandings of the term. These questions are not new but need to be asked once again from a contemporary perspective. The political and social conditions that provide individuals a public forum for their memories will be considered as well. In many countries there has been a broadening of the concept of ‘survivor‘ over the decades, very often related to discussions about remembrance and restitution. What strategies and policies stand behind this change, and how does the semantic opening work in practice?

Possible topics for contributions include:

– juridical definitions of the term ’survivor‘ and the consequences ;
– other definitions of the term and their effectiveness ;
– Jewish and non-Jewish understandings of the ’survivor’ ;
– reparations and compensation for survivors ;
– gaps and taboos in survivor’s narratives and memories ;
– function and role of ’survivors‘ in national memorial cultures ;
– national and transnational conditions of the ’invention‘ of the ’survivor’ ;
– survivors as historians, writers, politicians ;
– the impact of gender on semantics and politics of the concept ;
– how does media affect the memory of survival ;
– how do current political questions and anxieties shape debates about definitions of survivors?

Confirmed keynote speakers for the workshop are:

Dr Atina Grossmann (Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art, New York, DAAD Walter Benjamin Visiting Professor)
Dr Stefanie Schüler-Springorum (Director of the Berlin Institute of Technology Center for
Dr Anne Rothe (Associate Professor of German, Wayne State University, Detroit)

The workshop will be held in German and English. Selected contributions will be published.

Funding will be available only on a limited basis and by request.

Please submit your proposal of 300-500 words for a paper of 20 minutes length together with your institutional affiliation and your academic CV by April 1, 2014 via e-mail to Alina Bothe: a.bothe@zentrum-juedische-studien.de.

Participants will be notified by May 1, 2014.