Archives par mot-clé : restitutions

The Stuff of Jews: Political Economy and Jewish Material Culture, 1945 – Present : Appel à contribution

Nous soumettons à votre connaissance ci-dessous l’appel à contribution lancé dans le cadre de l’organisation du workshop « The Stuff of Jews: Political Economy and Jewish Material Culture, 1945 – Present » qui se tiendra du 24 au 26 mars 2015 au Centre de recherche sur l’antisémitisme à l’Université Technique de Berlin. Ce workshop cherche à réunir des personnes travaillant sur les questions de restitutions et de compensations aux Juifs en Europe après 1945, ainsi que sur les relations entre les différents acteurs – juifs et non juifs – concernés par ces questions, et les rôles joués par les communautés, les Etats ou les organisations internationales.

Les candidatures (pour une intervention en anglais de 20 minutes) sont à envoyer avant le 15 décembre 2014 (résumé de 250 mots maximum).

The Stuff of Jews: Political Economy and Jewish Material Culture, 1945 – Present

Questions arose after 1945, and have persisted since, about the ownership of properties which had belonged to European Jewish communities before the war, to individuals murdered in the Holocaust, and even to some survivors. This included thousands of Jewish cemeteries in various states of repair and former synagogues, many of which already repurposed. Studies of these “Jewish” properties often examine their symbolic or nostalgic value, their place in active cultures of memory and identity construction. These properties, however, have always had worth as material assets as well, just as they have always imparted financial liabilities and other responsibilities to their owners. These factors, often determined by national contexts and cultures, conditioned the types of claims that various, competing actors made to “Jewish” properties, the outcomes of their conflicts, and even how owners and would-be owners understood their relationship and responsibilities to their properties. Local, national, and transnational political economies thus influenced the articulation and reception of the moral, political, and philosophical claims to the material legacy of European Jewry. A comparative study of these political economies offers an opportunity to re-explore larger themes in European Jewish history.

Papers may consider how economies of “Jewish” property have influenced Jewish-state relations in Europe and the relationships between Jews and non-Jewish majorities. They may explore attempts to resolve the ownership of “Jewish” properties in regions where communities no longer exist (and where some do), as well as the related question of who should be responsible for maintaining them. What happens, for example, when Jewish communities cannot afford to maintain properties or when other considerations take priority? When does the state or another entity take ownership of “Jewish” property and how does the process fit into the larger frameworks for the economic organization of society? What about claims by international actors (e.g. the State of Israel, the Claims Conference, expatriated Jews, and religious groups) to properties in Europe and their demands that communities and governments treat them in specific ways? The histories of these interventions reflect shifts in transnational political cultures and economics. To that end, we seek a collection of papers which will together highlight differences, similarities, and interdependencies across Cold-War divides and within Cold-War camps, as well as factors that have distinguished individual states after 1989. Papers may also consider the concept of “Jewish” property, as it has been understood and challenged in Europe, or the status and maintenance of sites of Holocaust atrocities as “Jewish” properties. We invite papers on other forms of property as well, such as ritual and personal items.

We are soliciting applications to participate in an international workshop to be held at the Center for Research on Antisemitism at the Technical University in Berlin on March 24 – 26, 2015. Eight scholars will present papers of twenty minutes each (in English) and also respond to each other’s work. Please submit abstracts of no longer than 250 words to Stuff.of.Jews@gmail.com by 15 December 2014. We will notify accepted applicants by 15 January 2015. Some funding for travel and accommodations will be provided. We will seek to publish either all or some of the workshop papers. We will keep participants apprised as we finalize our publication plans.

“The Stuff of Jews” seeks to assemble a diverse collection of scholars representing multiple cultural and ethnic backgrounds, countries of birth and origin, genders, sexualities, and academic disciplines. The workshop is open to scholars of all ranks, including advanced graduate students (ABD).

“The Stuff of Jews” is made possible by a grant from the Volkswagen Foundation and support from the Center for Research on Antisemitism at the Technical University in Berlin.

Please address all questions to Jacob Ari Labendz at Stuff.of.Jews@gmail.com.

 

9 -11 Novembre 2014, Boston : Dispossession. The Plundering of German Jewry, 1933-1945 and Beyond

Du 9 au 11 novembre prochain l’Université de Boston accueillera dans ses murs la conférence : Dispossession. The Plundering of German Jewry, 1933-1945 and Beyond.
A noter, des interventions concernant l’après-guerre. Une intervention (de Jonathan Petropoulos) portera sur le trafic des oeuvres d’art spoliées avant et après 1945. Le dernier panel de la conférence sera consacré à la question des restitutions ; ses intervenants parleront entre autres de la restitution à Berlin de biens juifs – afin d’illustrer les politiques de propriété pendant la Guerre froide (Eva Balz), de  l' »aryanisation » et de son héritage (restitution, mémoire et déni) dans l’Allemagne d’après-guerre (Benno Nietzel)  et des restitutions des biens juifs en Autriche (Lisa Silverman).

9-11 novembre 2011
Florence and Chafetz Hillel House
Boston University
213 Bay State Road
Boston MA 02215

Présentation de la conférence par ses organisateurs Jonathan Zatlin (Université de Boston) et Christoph Kreutzmüller (Haus der Wannsee-Konferenz)

« Among the stereotypes about Jews circulating in Nazi Germany, perhaps the most prominent portrayed Jews not simply as rich, but as enriching themselves at the expense of ordinary Germans. It is one of the cruelest of ironies, however, that the Nazis were the real economic predators, robbing Europe’s Jews before murdering them. Within twelve short years, the Nazis managed to dispossess Germany’s Jews, taking away first their rights, then their property, and finally their lives.Despite the enormity of the crime, however, the dispossession of the Jews has only recently become the focus of scholarly attention. This conference brings together scholars from a variety of countries working on the financial history, social significance, and cultural meanings of the theft of assets owned by Jews. Panels range from the methods by which Jews were robbed, including the legal technologies and bureaucratic actors, to the kinds of assets stolen, from liquid assets to art, and the difficult process of restitution after 1945. »

 

Programme de la conférence(disponible sur le site H-Net)

Dimanche 9 Novembre 2014

17h : Mot de bienvenue : Consul General Rolf Schütte (German Consulate, Boston), Michael Zank (Elie Wiesel Center for Judaic Studies, BU), Hartmut Berghoff (German Historical Institute, Washington, DC)

Introduction: Jonathan Zatlin (Boston University)

Keynote Address: Christoph Kreutzmüller (Haus der Wannsee-Konferenz, Berlin) : Kristallnacht and the Destruction of Jewish Commercial Activity in Germany

Lundi 10 Novembre

8h30-9h30 : Economic Background
Président de séance : Jonathan Zatlin (Boston University)

Albrecht Ritschl (London School of Economics) : Financial Destruction. Confiscatory Taxation of Jewish Property and Income in Nazi Germany
Jonathan Wiesen (Southern Illinois University, Carbondale), A Jew-Free Marketplace: The Ideologies and Economics of Thievery

 

9h30-11h : The German-Jewish Commercial Presence
Président de séance : Eugene Sheppard (Brandeis University)

Dorothea Hauser (Warburg Archiv, Hamburg) : Too Involved and Too Engaged: The Warburg Bank’s Late Surrender
Stefanie Mahrer (Franz Rosenzweig Minerva Research Center, Hebrew University of Jerusalem) : Fighting the Thieves. Salman Schocken’s Strategies to Save His Possessions
Pamela Swett (McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario) : Salesmen, Salesmanship, and Dispossession in the Retail Context

11h30-13h : Bureaucracy and Dispossession – I
Président de séance : Hartmut Berghoff (German Historical Institute, Washington, DC)

Ingo Loose (Institut für Zeitgeschichte, München-Berlin) : The Reich Ministry of Economy and Its Role in the Institutional Competition of Plundering European Jews
Johannes Beermann (University of Bremen) : Taking Advantage: German Freight Forwarders and the Theft of Jewish Property, 1938-1945
Christine Schoenmakers (Carl von Ossietzky University, Oldenburg) : The « Legal » Theft of Jewish Assets: A Closer Look at the Key Actors and Mechanisms of Expropriation between 1933 and 1945

14h30-16h : Bureaucracy and Dispossession –  II
Président de séance : Devin Pendas (Boston College)

Jonathan Zatlin (Boston University) : « Retiring » to Theresienstadt: The Heimeinkaufsverträge and the Dispossession of the Elderly
Stefan Hördler (German Historical Institute, Washington, DC) : Administered Plundering: Gefangenen-Eigentums-Verwaltungen in the Nazi Camp System
Alfred C. Mierzejewski (University of North Texas, Denton) : Taking from the Weak, Giving to the Strong

Mardi 11 Novembre

8h30-10h : The German “Model” in European Context
Président de séance : Jeffrey Diefendorf (University of New Hampshire, Durham)

Tal Bruttman (City of Grenoble/Memorial de la Shoah, Paris) : Identifying « Jewish Assets » in Vichy France
David Crowe (Elon University, Elon, North Carolina) : Plunder and Theft of Jewish Property in the General Government
Mirna Zakić (Ohio University, Athens) : Volksdeutsche, Aryanization, and the Holocaust: The Case of the Serbian Banat

10h30-12h: Art and Visual Representation
Présidente de séance : Susannah Heschel (Dartmouth, Hanover, New Hampshire)

Michael Berkowitz (University of London) : Coming to Terms with a Lost Cohort:  Recalling and Restoring the Legacy of Jews and Photography
Charles Dellheim (Boston University) : Traffic in Significant Symbols: The Meaning of Looted Art
Jonathan Petropoulos (Claremont McKenna College, Claremont, California) : Art Dealers in Nazi Germany: Trafficking in Looted Art Before and After 1945

13h30-15h: Restitution
Présidente de séance : Abigail Gilman (Boston University)

Eva Balz (Ruhr-Universität Bochum) : The Politics of Property in the Cold War. The Restitution of Jewish Assets in Berlin
Benno Nietzel (University of Bielefeld) : Restitution, Memory, and Denial: Assessing the Legacy of « Aryanization » in Postwar Germany
Lisa Silverman (University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee) : Repossession and Return: Madame d’Ora and the Restitution of Jewish Property in Austria after the Holocaust
Anna Rubin (Department of Financial Services, New York State) : The Nazi Regime and Legal Spoliation

15h-16h : Conclusions

Laura Meier-Ewert (La Commission d’indemnisation des victimes de spoliations intervenues du fait des législations antisémites en vigueur pendant l’Occupation, French Embassy, Berlin)
Christoph Kreutzmüller (Haus der Wannsee-Konferenz, Berlin)
Albrecht Ritschl (London School of Economics)
Jonathan Wiesen (Southern Illinois University, Carbondale)
Jonathan Zatlin (Boston University)

19-21 novembre 2014, Berlin : ‘Survivors’ – Politics and Semantics of a Concept

 

Le Centre d’études juives de Berlin-Brandenburg et le Centre de recherche sur l’antisémitisme de l’Université Technique de Berlin organisent du 19 au 21 novembre 2014 le workshop « ‘Survivors’ – Politics and Semantics of a Concept » (cf. l’appel à communication que nous avons diffusé en janvier).
Si vous souhaitez assister à l’intervention d’Atina Grossmann et/ou à l’ensemble du workshop, contactez par mail Alina Bothe avant le 12 novembre ( a.bothe@zentrum-juedische-studien.de ).

 

19-21 novembre 2014
Technische Universität Berlin
Room H 3005
Straße des 17. Juni 135
10623 Berlin

 

Présentation du workshop par ses organisateurs Alina Bothe et Markus Nesselrodt :

« The survivor has become a prominent figure and a key concept in history, literary studies and political thought. But who is a survivor? And, more precisely, who is a survivor of the Shoah? The international workshop “Survivors – Politics and Semantics of a Concept” will deal with various approaches and definitions of the term survivor. A complex conceptional history will be discussed, spanning from the immediate postwar period to the present. Topics to be raised include different theoretical frameworks by philosophers, writers and historians as well as the ongoing discussions of restitution and moral responsibility. Scholars from seven countries will share their work during two days of intense discussion. »

Programme du workshop :

Mercredi 19 Novembre 2014

18h-21h : Ouverture du workshop
Stefanie Schüler-Springorum (Directrice  du Centre de recherche sur l’antisémitisme)

Keynote Lecture
Atina Grossmann (Professor of History, Cooper Union New York and DAAD Walter Benjamin Visiting Professor) : Remapping Death and Survival Shifting Geographies and Definitions

Jeudi 20 Novembre

9h30-10h : Introduction
Stefanie Schüler-Springorum (Berlin)
Alina Bothe (Berlin) et Markus Nesselrodt (Berlin)

10h00-11h00 : Who is a Survivor? (I) Early Postwar Definitions
Présidente de séance : Karen Körber (Berlin)

Thomas Rahe (Bergen-Belsen) : Survival and New Beginnings. Jews and Roma in Bergen-Belsen 1945
Katarzyna Person (Varsovie) : Building a Community of Survivors in the Post-War Jewish Honor Courts

11h30-13h00: Semantics of Survival
Président de séance : Micha Brumlik (Berlin)

Adam Stern (Cambridge) :  Survival Before Auschwitz. On Rosenzweig and Christianity
Linda Asquith (Nottingham) : “What did you survive?” An Exploration of the Nature of Being a Survivor and the Concept of a Survivor Hierarchy
Zofia Waślicka (Prague) : The Use of the Term “Survivor” in Poland

14h30-16h00 : Politics of Survival
Président de séance : Michael Wildt (Berlin)

Susanna Schrafstetter (Vermont) : Hidden Jews as a Sub-group of German Holocaust Survivors
Antoine Burgard (Lyon/Montréal) : “Child to be Placed with a Family who Will Appreciate his Tragic Past”. Early Understandings of Young Survivors and Future Migrants’ Experiences in Immediate Post-War Europe
Benno Nietzel (Bielefeld) : The Jewish Claims Conference and Reparations for Holocaust Survivors 1951-2000

16h30-18h00 : On Survival in Literature
Présidente de séance : Eva Lezzi (Berlin)

Daniel Pedersen (Stockholm) : Surviving through Poetry – The Case of Nelly Sachs
Andree Michaelis (Francfort sur Oder) : The Survivor as Writer and as Witness or Why Primo Levi Did not Want to Be Called a “Survivor”
Jan Taubitz (Erfurt/Berlin) : From Anne Frank to Amy Bellette: How Philip Roth Anticipated the Memory Boom and the Role of the Survivor

Vendredi 21 Novembre

09h00-11h00 : Survival Post Migration
Présidente de séance : Stefanie Schüler-Springorum (Berlin)

Anne Rothe (Detroit) : Survivors Made in America: Intersections of Social Darwinism, Holocaust Memory, and Popular Culture
Noam Zadoff (Bloomington) : Bridging the Abyss? Holocaust Survivors in Israel

11h30-13h00 : Who is a Survivor? (II) Responses by Historians
Présidente de séance : Gertrud Pickhan (Berlin)

Elisabeth Gallas (Jérusalem) : Framing Holocaust Research in New York – The Role of Survivor Historians in the Aftermath of World War II
Julia Menzel (Lüneburg): Between “Nothing” and “Something”. Narratives of Survival in H. G. Adler‘s Scholarly and Literary Analysis of the Shoah
René Schlott (Potsdam) : The Survivor as a Historian. Raul Hilberg (1926-2007) and the Holocaust Historiography

14h30-15h30 :  Survivors‘ Movements
Présidente de séance : Atina Grossmann (New York/Berlin)

Sebastian Schönemann (Coblence) : The Name Registry as Testimony: About the Commemorative Function of Survivors‘ Early Tracing Services
Ran Zwigenberg (Penn State) : From the Ashes: Hiroshima, the Holocaust and the Rise of the “Survivor” as a Moral Category

15h30-16h00 : Conclusion
Stefanie Schüler-Springorum (Berlin)

 

Parution d’un article sur les restitutions des biens des Juifs en Pologne

RHMC_611_L204A noter, la parution dans un numéro récent (n° 61-1, 2014/1) de la Revue d’Histoire Moderne et Contemporaine consacré au thème « Expropriation et politiques de population au XXe siècle » – et coordonné par Dieter Gosewinkel (professeur au WZB de Berlin, fellow à l’IEA-Paris en 2014) d’un article en français de Matthias Barelkowski et de Claudia Kraft (Université Siegen, Allemagne) : « La Pologne et les biens allemands et juifs après 1945« .
Le résumé et le plan de l’article sont disponibles sur cairn, ainsi que l’article en entier.

Parution d’un recueil sur les spoliations et les restitutions de biens des Juifs de Pologne : « Klucze i kasa »

Klucze_i_Kasa_okladka_mm

Le Centrum Badań nad Zagładą Żydów (Centre de Recherche sur la Shoah) de l’Institut de Philosophie et de Sociologie de l’Académie de Sciences de Varsovie (IfiS-PAN) vient de publier, en polonais, un ouvrage sur les spoliations des biens des Juifs de Pologne et sur les restitutions. Ce recueil, dirigé par les historiens polonais Jan Grabowski et Dariusz Libionka, s’intitule : « Klucze i kasa. O mieniu żydowskim w Polsce pod okupacją niemiecką i we wczesnych latach powojennych, 1939-1950 », soit : « Les clefs et la caisse ». A propos des biens juifs en Pologne sous l’occupation allemande et dans les années de l’immédiat après-guerre, 1945-1950. On trouve là douze articles rédigés par des historiens et jeunes chercheurs polonais. Les trois derniers articles sont consacrés aux restitutions dans l’Europe d’après-guerre, aux revendications de biens immobiliers juifs ( à partir de l’exemple de la ville de Szczebrzeszyn) et aux restitutions judiciaires de biens privés juifs (en s’appuyant sur le cas de Radom et Kalisz), entre 1944 et 1955. Pour ceux qui lisent le polonais, le livre est disponible en version électronique. L’introduction du recueil est en accès libre sur le site du centre de recherche.

A nouveau pour les polonophones, ci-dessous la présentation de l’ouvrage ainsi que sa table des matières :

W napisanym po 1945 r. eseju poświęconym krótko- i długofalowym efektom okupacji niemieckiej w Polsce Kazimierz Wyka odnotował następujące spostrzeżenie: „Na Niemców wina i zbrodnia, dla nas klucze i kasa”. Stanowi ono punkt wyjścia rozważań zawartych w tym tomie. W skład książki wchodzi dwanaście studiów omawiających różne aspekty rabunku mienia żydowskiego podczas okupacji i w pierwszych latach po wojnie.

Autorzy podejmują zarówno zagadnienia ogólne, jak i analizę przypadków. Spośród tych pierwszych przedmiotem zainteresowania są: niemiecka polityka gospodarcza w Generalnym Gubernatorstwie, mechanizmy przejmowania żydowskich nieruchomości i ruchomości czy też próby uzasadniania przez prasę gadzinową działań podejmowanych przez okupanta. Ciekawe uzupełnienie tej tematyki znajdziemy w analizie artykułów poświęconych „kwestii żydowskiej”, w tym problemom własności, ogłoszonych na łamach najważniejszych konspiracyjnych wydawnictw nacjonalistycznych. Natomiast w studiach przypadków poznajemy losy mienia dwóch zamożnych rodzin żydowskich, jednej z Nowego Targu, a drugiej z Warszawy. W historiach tych wyraźnie rysuje się rola polskich kontrahentów i znajomych, którzy – z różnych pobudek i na różne sposoby – wchodzą w posiadanie własności żydowskiej. Zagadnienia tego dotyczy również inne studium, którego autorka śledzi chronologię przekazywania rzeczy Polakom przez Żydów, począwszy od wyprzedaży majątku przez mieszkańców dzielnic żydowskich i gett, po przekazywanie rzeczy mających stanowić zabezpieczenie na okres ukrywania się. Tom zamyka zbiór trzech tekstów dotyczących powojennej restytucji mienia i problemów, z jakimi wiązały się próby odzyskania majątku.

Table des matières :

Jan Grabowski, Dariusz Libionka, Wstęp
Ingo Loose, Aspekty ekonomiczno-prawne niemieckiej polityki okupacyjnej i rola banków oraz innych firm niemieckich w Generalnym Gubernatorstwie 1939-1945
Jan Grabowski, Zarząd Powierniczy i nieruchomości żydowskie w Generalnym Gubernatorstwie. „Co można skonfiskować? W zasadzie wszystko”
Andrzej Żbikowski, Eksploatacja ekonomiczna i grabież majątku żydowskiego w propagandzie prasowej w Generalnym Gubernatorstwie 1939-1944
Dariusz Libionka, „Kwestia żydowska” i problemy własnościowe w ujęciu wydawnictw konspiracyjnych ugrupowań nacjonalistycznych
Dagmara Swałtek-Niewińska, „Gospodarowanie” żydowskimi meblami w Krakowie w latach 1939-1945. Działalność Möbelbeschaffungsamt
Karolina Panz, „Singerowie mieli sklep…”. Historia pewnej rodziny i jej mienia
Małgorzata Melchior, Rzeczy i ludzie. Historia jednej rodziny i jej mienia
Barbara Engelking, Czarna godzina. Rzeczy żydowskie oddane na przechowanie Polakom
Nawojka Cieślińska-Lobkowicz, Połowiczna restytucja. Los zaryzowanego mienia żydowskiego w powojennej Europie 1945-1955
Alina Skibińska, Problemy rewindykacji żydowskich nieruchomości w latach 1944-1950. Zagadnienia ogólne i szczegółowe (na przykładzie Szczebrzeszyna)
Łukasz Krzyżanowski, „Chcielibyśmy, by ten dom nie pozostał w obcych rękach”. Sądowa restytucja prywatnego mienia żydowskiego w Polsce na przykładzie Radomia i Kalisza 1945-1948