Pogroms (Poland, 19th and 20th c.)

L’institut d’Histoire de l’Université de Varsovie et le musée d’Histoire des Juifs polonais – Polin – accueillent du 10 au 12 juin prochains la conférence internationale : Pogroms: Collective Anti-Jewish Violence in the Polish Lands in the 19th and 20th CenturiesComme son titre l’indique, elle sera consacrée à l’étude des pogroms, en en présentant quelques uns et en prenant en compte les problèmes sociaux et politiques liés mais engendrés par ces pogroms ; leurs représentations dans la littérature et dans les arts ; et en analysant la réception des recherches menées sur ce sujet ou encore la méthodologie et les sources employées.

Vous trouverez ci-dessous le programme complet de la conférence, dont une partie des interventions concerne l’après-1945.
Une partie des interventions sont traduites vers l’anglais.
Disponible aussi en pdf : program 210×148,5 ENG-1

Programme du colloque :

Le mercredi 10 juin 2015
Institut d’Histoire de l’Université de Varsovie

9.30 Introduction
Prof. Alojzy Nowak, Vice-Rector of the University of Warsaw ; Prof. Kazimierz Lewartowski, Vice-Dean of the Institute of History, University of Warsaw ; Prof. Dariusz Stola, Director of POLIN Museum of the History of Polish Jews ; Prof. Dariusz Kołodziejczyk, Director of the Institute of History, University of Warsaw ; Prof. Stanisław Buryła, representative of the Organizational Committee
10.15 :  Prof. David Engel: Typologies of Violence in Jewish History
10.45 : Prof. Joanna Tokarska-Bakir : Men in Uniforms

Section I (Sala Kolumnowa)

12h00-14h30 : The Uniform and Power (12.00 – 2.30 PM)
Chair: Prof. Konrad Zieliński ; Commentator: Prof. Joanna Tokarska-Bakir
Yohanan Petrovsky-Shtern :  The Russian Army and the 1881–1883 Pogroms (EN)
Stanisław Wiech : Gendarmerie and the Pogroms (PL)
Jerzy Pająk : Russian Army’s Attitude towards the Jews in Galicia in the First Year of World War I (1914–1915) (PL)

15h30-17h30 : Postwar Pogroms: New Interpretations
Chair: Dr. Audrey Kichelewski ; Commentator: Dr. August Grabski
Bożena Szaynok : Recent Findings about the Pogrom in Kielce (PL)
Marcin Zaremba, Łukasz Krzyżanowski : “Give us back our Children”! Moral Panic and Postwar Pogroms of Jews in Poland (1945–1946) (PL)
Andrzej Rykała : Pogrom in Kielce in 1946 and the Rebuilding of Jewish Settlements in Poland After World War II – geographical approach (PL)
Paweł Wieczorek : “Artificial Antisemitism” – Anti-Jewish Riots in the Lower Silesia in 1956 (PL)

Section II (Room 108)

12-14h30 : Methodology and Views
Chair: Prof. Michał Bilewicz ; Commentator: Prof. David Engel
Daniel Grinberg : Around the Idea of Pogroms: Definitions, Main Schools of Interpretation, Sources of Confusion (EN)
Kamil Kijek :  Beyond Anti-Semitism, Poles and Jews. New Research Perspectives on the Anti-Jewish Violence in Interwar Poland (EN)
François Guesnet : Anti-Jewish Pogroms in Eastern Europe and Anti-Jewish Violence in Nazi Germany – A Reflection on Current Terminology (EN)
Mikołaj Winiewski : The Model of Pogrom’s Violence (EN)

15h30-17h30 : Press Reaction to the 1881 Warsaw Pogrom
Chair: Dr. Artur Markowski ; Commentator: Prof. François Guesnet
Agnieszka Friedrich : Response to the Warsaw Pogrom in Jan Jeleński’s “Rola” (EN)
Jekatarina Norkina : Anti-Jewish Pogrom in Warsaw in 1881 in Russian Periodicals (EN)
Dror Segev :  The Hebrew Press in Times of Crisis: Warsaw’s 1881 Christmas Pogrom and its Aftermath Reflected in Ha-Tsefira (EN)

Le jeudi 11 juin 2015
Institut d’Histoire de l’Université de Varsovie

Section I (Sala Kolumnowa)
9-11h : Pogroms and Phantasm of „Żydokomuna”
Chair: Dr. August Grabski ; Commentator: Prof. Konrad Zieliński
Łukasz Lewicki : Manifestations of Anti-Jewish Aggression of Soldiers of the Polish Army During the Polish-Soviet War (1919–1921) – Few Remarks on the Issue (PL)
Piotr Kendziorek : The Left and Postwar Antisemitism (PL)
Piotr Forecki :  “They want komuna, that’s what they will get”. Using the Existing “Żydokomuna” Cliche in the Interpretation of Pogroms (PL)

11h30-13h : Imagery of Pogroms
Chair: Dr. Renata Piątkowska ; Commentator: Prof. Tomasz Majewski
Marta Koszowy : Photography of Pogroms (PL)
Katarzyna Mąka-Malatyńska :  From Reporters’ Accounts to a Documentary Metaphor – Film Models of Showing Antisemitic Pogroms (PL)
Bartosz Kwieciński : “You Have to Kill the Man Who Betrayed”. A Pogrom in Polish Feature Films (PL)
Agnieszka Dulęba :  Pogrom in Jedwabne in the Works of Polish Artists after 2001 (PL)

14-16h : Opinions, attitudes, reactions
Chair: Dr. Małgorzata Pakier ; Commentator: Prof. Daniel Grinberg
Magdalena Piekara, Opinions on Pogroms in the Russian Empire in Selected Jewish Journals from the Austrian Partition (“Jedność” and “Izraelita”) (PL)
Misha Mitsel : Pogroms in Poland (1918–1920) and Response of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (EN)
Przemysław Różański : Anti-Jewish Violence in Poland and its Perception in the United States of America (1881–1939) (PL)
Audrey Kichelewski : Public Opinion in France Facing Anti-Jewish Violence (1918–1946) (EN)

16h30-19h : Case Studies
Chair: Prof. Krzysztof Makowski ; Commentator: Prof. Ruth Leiserowitz
Michał Szulc : Citizens of Danzig Motivations for Anti-Jewish Riots in 1819 and 1821 (PL)
Anna Magdzińska :  Anti-Jewish Riots in Chojnice in 1900 (PL)
Szymon Rudnicki : Pogrom in Siedlce in 1906 (PL)
Wiesław Paszkowski : Incidents of 27 May 1919 in Częstochowa: Case Study (PL)

Section II (Room 108)

9-11h00 : Comparative Approach
Chair: Prof. David Engel ; Commentator: Prof. Krzysztof Makowski
Hanna Węgrzynek : Anti-Jewish Pogroms in the Early Modern and Modern Periods – Similarities and Differences (EN)
Victoria Khiterer :  Jewish Pogroms in Bialystok and Siedlce in the Summer of 1906 (EN)
Anna Cichopek-Gajraj : Comparative Approach in the Studies of Post –1945 Pogroms in Eastern Europe (EN)

11h30-13h : Galician Pogroms
Chair: Dr. Natalia Aleksiun ; Commentator: Prof. Kai Struve
Marcin Soboń : „Hurra, chłopcy!” – Antisemitic Riots in the Nowy Sącz Region, 19–25.06.1898 (EN)
Daniel Unowsky : Political Moblization, Catholic Antisemitism, and March 1898 Violence in Wieliczka (EN)
Wacław Wierzbieniec : Anti-Jewish Incidents in Galicia in 1898 – Example of the Strzyżów County (EN)
Leszek Hońdo : Die Quellen zu den Judenpogromen im nuenzehnten Jahrhundert in Galizien (PL)

14-16h : Pogroms during the Holocaust
Chair: Dr. Katarzyna Person ; Commentator: Prof. Grzegorz Berendt
Krzysztof Buchowski : Vilnius, October 1939 (EN)
Sara Bender : Not only in Jedwabne (EN)
Jason Wittenberg : Why Do Pogroms Occur in Some Localities But Not in Others? Evidence from Poland, 1941 (EN)
Marcin Urynowicz : Pogroms against the Jews in „Biuletyn Informacyjny”. Facts and Interpretations (EN)

16h30-19h : Pogroms in Ukraine and Polesie
Chair: Prof. François Guesnet ; Commentator: Prof. Victoria Khiterer
Gur Alroey : Gender Perspective of the Pogroms in Ukraine During the Civil War, 1918–1920 (EN)
Kai Struve : German Rule, Ukrainian Nationalism, and Anti-Jewish Violence in Summer 1941 in Eastern Galicia (EN)
Grzegorz Berendt : Jews and their Neighbours in Polesie in the Weeks Following 22 June 1941 (EN)

Section III (room 125)

9-11h00 : Literature and Pogroms, part I
Chair: Prof. Sławomir Buryła ; Commentator: Dr. Małgorzata Domagalska
Zuzanna Kołodziejska : Echoes of the Bialystok Pogrom in the Integrationist Literature (PL)
Alina Molisak : Pogroms in the Press. The Question of Language (PL)
Maria Antosik-Piela : Ruins of Galicia – “Tła” by Emil Tenenbaum (PL)

14-16h : Literature and Pogroms after 1939, part II
Chair: Dr. Alina Molisak ; Commentator: Prof. Sławomir Buryła
Paweł Wolski : Jedwabne: the Place (Almost) Common. Topics of Jedwabne in Polish Contemporary Literature (PL)
Marta Tomczok : Drowning of Mothers and Infants as an Episode in the Accounts on the Pogrom in Jedwabne and Its Literary Elaboratons and Addenda (PL)
Bartłomiej Krupa : Pogrom in Kielce in Historical and Literary Narratives (PL)

16h30-19h : Literature and Pogroms after 1939, part III
Chair: Dr. Alina Molisak ; Commentator: Dr. Piotr Weiser
Małgorzata Lipska : Is “Nasza klasa” about a Pogrom? A Look at Tadeusz Słobodzianek’s Theatre Play in the Context of Polish and Israeli Performances (PL)
Katarzyna Kuczyńska-Koschany : “Dry Pogrom” Poems” – March `68 and Polish Poetry (PL)

Le vendredi 12 juin 2015
Musée d’Histoire des Juifs polonais

Section I (Auditorium)

9-11h00 : Pogroms in Art
Chair: Prof. Katarzyna Mąka-Malatyńska ; Commentator: Dr. Katarzyna Bojarska
Renata Piątkowska : Art And Pogroms. The Wave of 1903–1906 Pogroms in the Works of Jewish Artists from Poland (PL)
Artur Tanikowski :  “Palestine Bloviates”: Visual Arts and Anti-Jewish Pogroms in the Years 1914–1920 (PL)
Małgorzata Stolarska-Fronia : Apocaliptical Shtetl – Pogroms in the Art of Jewish Expressionists (EN)

11h15-13h15 : Case Studies: Interwar Poland
Chair: Dr. Kamil Kijek ; Commentator: Prof. Wacław Wierzbieniec
Natalia Aleksiun : November 1931 in Wilno: Student Riots and the Making of the Polish Antisemitic Martyr (EN)
Andrei Zamoiski : The Anti-Jewish Pogrom in Grodno on June 7, 1935 (EN)
Zofia Trębacz : National Conflict in the Border Town. Pogrom in Bielsko-Biała in 1937 (PL)
Michał Trębacz : Pogrom in Częstochowa (19 June 1937) – Schematic Development and Atypical Reaction of Authorities (PL)

Section II (Conference room)

9-11h00 : Sources: Narratives on Pogroms
Chair: Dr. Hanna Węgrzynek ; Commentator: Dr. Dobrochna Kałwa
Aleksandra Oniszczuk : Narrativess on What Happened in Kalisz on 23 June 1878. Searching for Sources of Discrepancies (PL)
Katarzyna Person :  Easter Pogrom in Warsaw 1940. Witness Accounts (PL)
Adam Kopciowski : Pogroms in Memorial Books (PL)
Michał Majewski : Anti-Jewish Incidents in the Podlasie Region in 1941 in Light of Local Monographies Publihsed in Podlasie after 1989 (PL)

11h15-13h15 : Pogroms and Politics
Chair: Dr. Alina Cała ; Commentator: Prof. Szymon Rudnicki
Ihor Wradij :  Anarchists in the Russian Empire and Their Role in Pogroms of Jews at the Beginning of the 20th Century (PL)
Alicja Gontarek :  Anti-Jewish Cryptopropaganda by Stronnictwo Narodowe in the Years 1936–1937 in Poland (Case Study of the Warsaw Province) (PL)
Grzegorz Krzywiec : From Exclusion to Violence Sponsored by the State. Związek Młodej Polski (1937–1939) – Case Study of Antisemitic Eliminatory Discurse Evolving towards the Antisemitic Collective Violence (PL)

13h15-14h15 : Conclusion
Chair: Dr. Małgorzata Pakier ; Szymon Rudnicki – closing remarks ; Artur Markowski – word of thanks.


Merci à Audrey Kichelewski pour avoir partagé cette information avec nous
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Crédit image de une : affiche du programme

 


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